100ml
Indigo naturalis

100ml Indigo naturalis Balm CBD FULL

50ml Indigo naturalis Balm CBD FULL

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INGREDIENTS.

Cannabis extract (according to Paracelsus) honey, olive oil, beeswax and Indigo naturalis.

€33.60
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CBDFULL-P-B-IN-50

50ml CBD FULL Indigo naturalis Balm

Cannabis extract (according to Paracelsus) honey, olive oil, beeswax and Indigo naturalis.

CBD FULL balm

For dry and flaky skin. Natural blend of honey, hemp, olive oil and beeswax with antibacterial, refreshing and soothing properties. Improves the original barrier of your skin, ensures long-lasting moisture and protects against extreme weather conditions. Store in a cool and dark area.

It is best to apply balm to damp skin after washing. Then the pores are open and the balm can penetrate deeper into the skin and have a better effect.

More Information
Manufacturer Organic Gardens GmbH
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CBD FULL Balm Basic

Natural cosmetics based on ancient methods

CBD FULL Balm Basic is made from honey, beeswax, olive oil and hemp according to methods of the Mesopotamian[1], Egyptian[2], and Roman[3] healing arts. These ingredients were the main ingredients in the ancient healing arts for thousands of years for skin care and treatment of burns, wounds, and other skin damage.[4]
CBD FULL Balm Basic is high quality natural cosmetics made from honey, beeswax, olive oil and hemp.

 According to research

the balm nourishes the skin, has a regenerating effect in the treatment of various dermatoses, pityriasis versicolor (pityriasis fungus), tinea inguinalis (groin lichen), tinea corporis (ringworm) and tinea faciei [5],boils [6] ,fungal skin infections[7]psoriasis and neurodermatitis [8],eczema and diaper dermatitis [9]. The balm reduces itching and bleeding in hemorrhoids and anal fissures [10]  and seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff.[11]


[1] Geschichte der Wundbehandlung mit Honig, Deutscher Ärzteverlag ZFA Z Allg. Med 2015, 91(4)
[Deutscher Ärzteverlag]

[2] Jones, R. (2009). Honey and healing through the ages. Journal of ApiProduct and ApiMedical Science, 1(1), 1-5.
[International Bee Research Association]

[3] Fratini, F., Cilia, G., Turchi, B., & Felicioli, A. (2016). Beeswax: A minireview of its antimicrobial activity and its application in medicine. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 9(9), 839-843.
[Science Direct]

[4] Geschichte der Wundbehandlung mit Honig, Deutscher Ärzteverlag ZFA Z Allg. Med 2015, 91(4)
[Deutscher Ärzteverlag]

[5] N.S. Al-Waili An alternative treatment for pityriasis versicolor, tinea cruris, tinea corporis and tinea faciei with topical application of honey, olive oil and beeswax mixture: an open pilot study Complement Ther Med, 12 (2004), pp. 45-47
[sciencedirect]

[6] Kedzia B., Holderna-Kedzia E. The use of beeswax in medicine. [(accessed on 12 July 2019)];Pasieka. 2014 3
pasieka24

[7] Al-Waili NS. An alternative treatment for pityriasis versicolor, tinea cruris, tinea corporis and tinea faciei with topical application of honey, olive oil and beeswax mixture: an open pilot study Complementary Therapies in Medicine Volume 12, Issue 1, March 2004, Pages 45-47
[Science Direct]

[8] Al-Waili NS. Topical application of natural honey, beeswax and olive oil mixture for atopic dermatitis or psoriasis: partially controlled, single-blinded study. Complement Ther Med. 2003;11(4):226-234.
[
PubMed]

[9] Al-Waili NS. Clinical and mycological benefits of topical application of honey, olive oil and beeswax in diaper dermatitis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005;11(2):160-163.
[
PubMed]

[10] Al-Waili NS, Saloom KS, Al-Waili TN, Al-Waili AN. The safety and efficacy of a mixture of honey, olive oil, and beeswax for the management of hemorrhoids and anal fissure: a pilot study. ScientificWorldJournal. 2006;6:1998-2005. Published 2006 Feb 2.
[
PubMed]

[11] Mixture of honey, beeswax and olive oil inhibits growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Al-Waili NS Arch Med Res. 2005 Jan-Feb; 36(1):10-3.
[
PubMed]

Indigo Naturalis (青黛 Qing dai)

Blue wonder from the traditional Chinese herb garden

Indigo naturalis has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine to
Eliminate detoxification, cool blood to stop bleeding, cleanse liver, extinguish fire, treat ulcers[1] , eczema, boils, skin inflammation and other diseases.[2] [3]

Research confirms

the effect of indigo naturalis in psoriasis[4] [5] [6] ,an anti-inflammatory[7], antibacterial[8] effect and that indigo naturalis inhibits the proliferation of skin cells.[9]

The ingredients of indigo naturalis reduce the development of plaques and inflammation in psoriasis. Studies found that it is not the individual isolated ingredients that cause skin improvement, but the interaction of all of them. [10] [11]

By treating psoriasis with indigo naturalis balm, all skin changes disappeared after 2 months and no symptoms appeared for more than 2 years afterwards.[12]

In a Chinese study, after eight weeks of treating moderate psoriasis with indigo naturalis, more than half of the patients experienced a 75% improvement. [13]

Indigo naturalis is also effective in nail psoriasis, which is more difficult to treat.[14] [15] [16]


[1] 复方青黛散的制备与临床应用 (Preparation and clinical application of compound Qingdai San)
Chongqing Weipu Information

[2] 青黛的临床应用 (Qingdai's ancient and modern applications)
Chongqing Weipu Information

[3] 青黛的临床应用 (Clinical application of Indigo Naturalis)
Chongqing Weipu Information

[4] Lin YK, Chang CJ, Chang YC, Wong WR, Chang SC, Pang JH. Clinical assessment of patients with recalcitrant psoriasis in a randomized, observer-blind, vehicle-controlled trial using indigo naturalis. Arch Dermatol. 2008 Nov;144(11):1457-64. doi: 10.1001/archderm.144.11.1457. PMID: 19015420.
pubmed

[5] Brattström, A. (2016). Woad (Isatis tinctoria) for treating psoriasis Zeitschrift für Phytotherapie, 37(02), 67-70.
[
Thieme Connect]

[6] Lin, Y.‐K., See, L.‐C., Huang, Y.‐H., Chi, C.‐C. and Hui, R.‐Y. (2018), 治疗银屑病的青黛软膏中的靛玉红含量对比:一项随机、双盲、剂量对照试验. (Comparison of indirubin content in Qingdai ointment for treating psoriasis: a randomized, double-blind, dose-controlled trial )Br J Dermatol, 178: e104-e104.
wiley

[7] Kunikata, T., Tatefuji, T., Aga, H., Iwaki, K., Ikeda, M., & Kurimoto, M. (2000). Indirubin inhibits inflammatory reactions in delayed-type hypersensitivity. European journal of pharmacology, 410(1), 93-100.
[
Science Direct]

[8] Chiang, Y. R., Li, A., Leu, Y. L., Fang, J. Y., & Lin, Y. K. (2013). An in vitro study of the antimicrobial effects of indigo naturalis prepared from Strobilanthes formosanus Moore. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 18(11), 14381–14396.
[
PMC]

[9] Lin, Y. K., Wong, W. R., Chang, Y. C., Chang, C. J., Tsay, P. K., Chang, S. C., & Pang, J. H. S. (2007). The efficacy and safety of topically applied indigo naturalis ointment in patients with plaque-type psoriasis. Dermatology, 214(2), 155-161.
[
Karger]

[10] Lin YK, Chen HW, Leu YL, et al. Indigo naturalis upregulates claudin-1 expression in human keratinocytes and psoriatic lesions. J Ethnopharmacol.2013;145(2):614-620; PMID: 23220199
[
Science Direct]

[11] Lin YK, Leu YL, Huang TH, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of the extract of indigo naturalis in human neutrophils. J Ethnopharmacol.2009;125(1):51-58; PMID: 19559779
[
Science Direct]

[12] Lin, Y.-K., Yen, H.-R., Wong, W.-R., Yang, S.-H. and Pang, J.-H.S. (2006), Successful Treatment of Pediatric Psoriasis with Indigo naturalis Composite Ointment. Pediatric Dermatology, 23: 507-510.
wiley

[13] Cheng, H. M., Wu, Y. C., Wang, Q., Song, M., Wu, J., Chen, D., Li, K., Wadman, E., Kao, S. T., Li, T. C., Leon, F., Hayden, K., Brodmerkel, C., & Chris Huang, C. (2017). Clinical efficacy and IL-17 targeting mechanism of Indigo naturalis as a topical agent in moderate psoriasis. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 17(1), 439.
[
PMC]

[14] Liang, C. Y., Lin, T. Y., & Lin, Y. K. (2013). Successful treatment of pediatric nail psoriasis with periodic pustular eruption using topical indigo naturalis oil extract. Pediatric dermatology, 30(1), 117-119.
[
Wiley Online Library]

[15] Lin, Y. K. (2011). Indigo naturalis oil extract drops in the treatment of moderate to severe nail psoriasis: a small case series. Archives of dermatology, 147(5), 627-629.
[
JAMA Network]

[16] Lin, Y. K., Chang, Y. C., Hui, R. C. Y., See, L. C., Chang, C. J., Yang, C. H., & Huang, Y. H. (2015). A Chinese herb, indigo naturalis, extracted in oil (Lindioil) used topically to treat psoriatic nails: a randomized clinical trial. Jama Dermatology, 151(6), 672-674.
[
JAMA Network]

 

Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)

Medicinal plant of the year 2018

Full spectrum hemp preparations support the skin's immune system.

The skin has its own endocannabinoid system that keeps its immune system in balance. Disruptions can lead to skin conditions such as acne, itching, psoriasis, rashes, cancer, etc. The use of full spectrum hemp preparations restores this balance. [1]

Has been used for thousands of years for skin diseases.

In Arabic medicine, hemp oil was traditionally used in the treatment of ear ailments and skin diseases.[2]

In India, the use of hemp began around 1000 B.C., and its antibiotic effects were used for skin infections, for example.[3]

In Eastern Europe, hemp flowers were traditionally mixed with olive oil and used to dress wounds. Hemp oil and flowers were used for rheumatism and jaundice. The Polish botanist Simon Sirenius mentioned hemp resin as a medicine for burns in 1613.[2]

In the 19th century, the use of hemp was widespread in Europe and the United States. Corn plasters, ointments, and rheumatism remedies were made from hemp for topical use.[4]

Research confirms the effects of full-spectrum hemp preparations.

Research confirms that full-spectrum hemp preparations can kick-start the skin's endocannabinoid system. As a result, they provide better protection against environmental factors.

A healthy skin endocannabinoid system is able to inhibit pain and inflammatory responses.[1]

Studies have demonstrated a reduction in itching in various skin conditions such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis with the use of cannabinoids.[5]
Cannabinoids have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects, protecting nerves and reducing itching.[6]
CBD has been found to interact with certain medications and alter their effects. For this reason, you should consult your doctor before starting to use hemp supplements.[7]


[1] Bíró, T., Tóth, B. I., Haskó, G., Paus, R., & Pacher, P. (2009). The endocannabinoid system of the skin in health and disease: novel perspectives and therapeutic opportunities. Trends Pharmacol Sci, 30(8), 411-420.
PMC

[2] Pisanti, S., & Bifulco, M. (2019). Medical Cannabis: A plural millennial history of an evergreen. Journal of cellular physiology, 234(6), 8342-8351.
PUB MED

[3] Zuardi, A. W. (2006). History of cannabis as a medicine: a review. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 28(2), 153-157.
scielo 

[4] Die Wiederentdeckung der Nutzpflanze Hanf von Jack Herer, Mathias Bröckers, 41. Auflage 2008
Google Books

[5] Avila C, Massick S, Kaffenberger BH, Kwatra SG, Bechtel M. Cannabinoids for the treatment of chronic pruritus: A review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2020;82(5):1205-1212. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2020.01.036 pubmed

[6] Cannabinoids as Therapeutics, Edited by R. Mechoulam, 2005
springer

[7]  Büechi S: Wirksamkeit von Cannabidiol: Klinische Studien mit Cannabidiol und Cannabidiol-haltigen Extrakten. Schweiz Z Ganzheitsmed 2017;29:367-371. doi: 10.1159/000484886
karger

Raw untreated honey

A wound healing agent with a long tradition

The healing properties of honey are based on the fact that it has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral effects, maintains a moist wound condition and forms a protective barrier against infections due to its high viscosity.

Honey has been valued since ancient times in many cultures as a remedy for numerous skin diseases as well as for wound healing. The oldest writing, in which honey is mentioned, is an approx. 4000 year old clay tablet of the Sumerians with prescriptions for ointments and medicines [1].

Honey is able to cancel antibiotic resistances.

Honey is increasingly used in the treatment of skin diseases and infected wounds, where conventional pharmaceutical products fail.[2] Honey is also used in the treatment of skin diseases and infected wounds. Thanks to its broad spectrum of phytoncides, honey inhibits the growth of pathogenic microorganisms or has been shown to destroy all previously tested microorganisms, including dreaded antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus in chronic wounds or the yeast Candida albicans.[3] Following the use of honey, infections with previously antibiotic-resistant bacteria can be effectively treated with antibiotics.[4] [5] 

Research:

Honey as a wound dressing

supports healing processes and stimulates the body's immune responses[6] [7], destroys pathogens naturally and is very effective in treating acne, cuts, burns, bruises and wounds with risk of infection[8]. Honey eliminates infection, debridement, suppresses inflammation, minimizes scarring, stimulates angiogenesis, tissue granulation, epithelial growth[9] [10] and relieves pain[11]. Physicians used honey to treat ulcers, burns, fistulas, and boils[12], as well as almost all types of wounds such as abrasion, abscess, amputation, decubitus, burns, chills, burst abdominal wound, cracked nipples, fistulas, diabetic, malignant, leprosy, traumatic, cervical spasm, sickle cell, and septic wounds.[13] [14] Studies in Fournier's gangrene confirm rapid improvement with decreased edema and discharge, faster regeneration and less or no scarring, effective wound debridement, and decrease in mortality[15].

Honey for fungal infections

Honey has antifungal activity against all common dermatophytes[16] [17], inhibits toxin production[18], bacterial infections[19] and is effective in treating seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff [20].

Antiviral activity of honey

Honey is safe and effective against herpes labialis, herpes genitalis[21] and rubella virus[22] compared to aciclovir.[22]
Honey in ophthalmology

Honey is used worldwide to treat various diseases of the eye and surrounding structures such as corneal injuries, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis, chemical burns, and thermal burns [23] [24].

The application of honey in infectious conjunctivitis reduced the redness, swelling and pus discharge until the complete eradication of the pathogen from the body. [25] [26]


[1] Geschichte der Wundbehandlung mit Honig, Deutscher Ärzteverlag ZFA Z Allg. Med 2015, 91(4)

[Online ZFA]

[2] Mandal MD, Mandal S. Honey: its medicinal property and antibacterial activity. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2011;1(2):154-160. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(11)60016-6
[PMC]

[3] Cooper R. Honey in wound care: antibacterial properties. GMS Krankenhhyg Interdiszip. 2007;2(2):Doc51. Published 2007 Dec 28
[PMC]

[4] McLoone P, Oluwadun A, Warnock M, Fyfe L. Honey: A Therapeutic Agent for Disorders of the Skin. Cent Asian J Glob Health. 2016;5 (1):241. Published 2016 Aug 4.
[PMC]

[5] McLoone P, Warnock M, Fyfe L. Honey: A realistic antimicrobial for disorders of the skin. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2016;49(2):161-167.
[Science Direct]

[6] Medhi B, Puri A, Upadhyay S, Kaman L. Topical application of honey in the treatment of wound healing: a meta analysis. JK Sci . 2008;10:166–169.
[
jkscience.org]

[7]  Tonks AJ, Cooper RA, Jones KP, Blair S, Parton J, Tonks A. Honey stimulates inflammatory cytokine production from monocytes. Cytokine. 2003;21:242–247.
[
PubMed]

[8] Dr. S. Mladenov, The Preservative Effect of Honey, Pchelarstvo Magazine, issue 12, 1967
[honeypedia]

[9] Comparison of the antibacterial activity of honey from different provenance against bacteria usually isolated from skin wounds. Basualdo C, Sgroy V, Finola MS, Marioli JM Vet Microbiol. 2007 Oct 6; 124(3-4):375-81.
[
PubMed]

[10] Medhi B, Puri A, Upadhyay S, Kaman L. Topical application of honey in the treatment of wound healing: a meta analysis. JK Sci . 2008;10:166–169.
[
jkscience]

[11] Topical application of honey in treatment of burns. Subrahmanyam M Br J Surg. 1991 Apr; 78(4):497-8.
[
PubMed]

[12] Honey-a remedy rediscovered and its therapeutic utility. Bansal V, Medhi B, Pandhi P Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2005 Jul-Sep; 3(3):305-9.
[
PubMed]

[13] Clinical observations on the wound healing properties of honey. Efem SE Br J Surg. 1988 Jul; 75(7):679-81.
[
PubMed]

[14] Mixture of honey, beeswax and olive oil inhibits growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. Al-Waili NS Arch Med Res. 2005 Jan-Feb; 36(1):10-3.
[
PubMed]

[15] Predisposing factors and treatment outcome in Fournier's gangrene. Analysis of 28 cases. Gürdal M, Yücebas E, Tekin A, Beysel M, Aslan R, Sengör F Urol Int. 2003; 70(4):286-90.
[
PubMed]

[16] Sampath Kumar KP, Bhowmik D, Chiranjib , Biswajit , Chandira MR. Medicinal uses and health benefits of Honey: An overview. J Chem Pharm Res . 2010;2:385–395.
[
jocpr]

[17] . Brady NF, Molan PC, Harfoot CG. The sensitivity of dermatophytes to the antimicrobial activity of manuka honey and other honey. J Pharm Sci. 1997;2:1–3.
[
Wiley Online Library]

[18] Effect of honey on antibody production against thymus-dependent and thymus-independent antigens in primary and secondary immune responses. Al-Waili NS, Haq A J Med Food. 2004 Winter; 7(4):491-4.
[
PubMed]

[19] Honey--a remedy rediscovered and its therapeutic utility. Bansal V, Medhi B, Pandhi P Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2005 Jul-Sep; 3(3):305-9.
[
PubMed]

[20] Therapeutic and prophylactic effects of crude honey on chronic seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. Al-Waili NS Eur J Med Res. 2001 Jul 30; 6(7):306-8.
[
PubMed]

[21] Investigating the antimicrobial activity of natural honey and its effects on the pathogenic bacterial infections of surgical wounds and conjunctiva. Al-Waili NS J Med Food. 2004 Summer; 7(2):210-22.
[
PubMed]

[22] Effect of honey on antibody production against thymus-dependent and thymus-independent antigens in primary and secondary immune responses. Al-Waili NS, Haq AJ Med Food. 2004 Winter; 7(4):491-4.
[
PubMed]

[23] Therapeutic uses of honey and honeybee larvae in central Burkina Faso. Meda A, Lamien CE, Millogo J, Romito M, Nacoulma OG J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Nov; 95(1):103-7.
[
PubMed]

[24] Traditional medicine in oman: its role in ophthalmology. Shenoy R, Bialasiewicz A, Khandekar R, Al Barwani B, Al Belushi H Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2009 Apr; 16(2):92-6.
[
PubMed]

[25] In-vitro evaluation of the anticandidiasis activity of honey distillate (HY-1) compared with that of some antimycotic agents. Obaseiki-Ebor EE, Afonya TC J Pharm Pharmacol. 1984 Apr; 36(4):283-4.
[
PubMed]

[26] Investigating the antimicrobial activity of natural honey and its effects on the pathogenic bacterial infections of surgical wounds and conjunctiva. Al-Waili NS J Med Food. 2004 Summer; 7(2):210-22.
[
PubMed]

Raw beeswax (Cera flava)

Beeswax has a long tradition as an ingredient in creams and ointments, and has been used by humans for health care since the Neolithic period.[1]

In ancient Egypt
beeswax was used for medicinal purposes. In many recipes, it was the main ingredient of creams and ointments for the treatment of wounds, burns, and pain.[2] [3]

In traditional Indian medicine.
beeswax is used for abrasions and burns[4] and has also been effective for cracked heels.[5]

Physicians in ancient Rome
used ointments made of olive oil , beeswax and rose water to treat burns, wounds, cuts, bruises and fractures [6].

Beeswax makes the balm supple and increases adhesion to the skin protects the skin from moisture loss and external influences such as cold or sun. It is breathable and does not clog pores. In skin care, beeswax has antibacterial[7] and anti-inflammatory effects.[8] It has fat-like properties without being greasy and is readily absorbed. The contained vitamin A supports the skin in the formation of new cells and delays collagen degradation and thus the aging of the skin[9]. Beeswax has a strong synergistic effect, absorbs the active ingredients of the other ingredients and slowly and continuously releases them to the skin, increasing the effect.


[1] Bernardini, F., Tuniz, C., Coppa, A., Mancini, L., Dreossi, D., Eichert, D., ... & Hua, Q. (2012). Beeswax as dental filling on a Neolithic human tooth. Plos one, 7(9), e44904.
[PLOS ONE]

[2] Papyrus Ebers”
[
medizinische-papyri]

[3] Fratini, F., Cilia, G., Turchi, B., & Felicioli, A. (2016). Beeswax: A minireview of its antimicrobial activity and its application in medicine. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 9(9), 839-843.
[Science Direct]

[4] Datta, H. S., Mitra, S. K., & Patwardhan, B. (2011). Wound healing activity of topical application forms based on ayurveda. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011.
[Science Direct]

[5] Sarojini B. A comparative clinical study on Shala Niryasa and Madhuchishtha in the management of Padadari. Int Ayurvedic Med J 2013;1:1-7
[IAMJ]

[6] R. Chauvin Traite' de biologie de l'abeille Masson et Cie, Paris (1968)
[books.google]

[7] Weston, R. J. (2000). The contribution of catalase and other natural products to the antibacterial activity of honey: a review. Food chemistry, 71(2), 235-239.
[Science Direct]

[8] Ravelo, Y., Molina, V., Carbajal, D., Fernández, L., Fernández, J. C., Arruzazabala, M. L., & Más, R. (2011). Evaluation of anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of D-002 (beeswax alcohols). Journal of natural medicines, 65(2), 330-335.
[Springer]

[9] Kurek-Górecka, A.; Górecki, M.; Rzepecka-Stojko, A.; Balwierz, R.; Stojko, J. Bee Products in Dermatology and Skin Care. Molecules 2020, 25, 556.
[MDPI]

Olive oil (oleum oliva)

Used for skin care since ancient times

The use of olive oil can be traced back to the Bronze Age (ca. 3150 to 1200 BC). It was used for rituals such as anointing kings and for skin care.[1] Cleopatra is said to have invented the first anti-wrinkle cream containing olive oil.[2]
The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of olive oil have been used in wound care since ancient times and are still used in folk medicine today.[3]

Olive oil protects the skin in combination with honey, beeswax and hemp.

The mixture of honey, beeswax, hemp and olive oil, prepared according to traditional methods, has been proven for a long time because the different ingredients work synergistically with each other.[4]
Research on olive oil shows:

Olive oil is rich in vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids, which stabilize cells. Vitamin E protects against UV radiation, prevents the development of cancer cells and repairs skin damage [2]. It delays skin aging and has a positive effect on skin hydration.[5]

Research has shown

that the application of olive oil to the skin is effective in treating dry skin, eczema, inflammation, itching, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, diaper dermatitis, burns, and other skin damage.[6] The antibacterial effect of olive oil significantly improves foot ulcers in patients with type 2 diabetes.[7] Olive oil nourishes and protects the skin, promotes the healing of wounds [3], moisturizes and enhances the absorption of other ingredients. [8]


[1] Vossen, P. (2007). Olive oil: history, production, and characteristics of the world's classic oils. HortScience, 42(5), 1093-1100.
[
ASHS]

[2] Viola, P., & Viola, M. (2009). Virgin olive oil as a fundamental nutritional component and skin protector. Clinics in Dermatology, 27, 159-165.
[
PubMed] Pdf

[3] Gümüs, K., & Yurttas, M. A Different Utilization Area of Olive Oil: Wound Care.
[
Juniper Publishers]

[4] Bogdanov, S. (2016). Beeswax: History, Uses and Trade. Online Beeswax Book.
researchgate

[5] Möller, H., Nsmann, A., & Wallat, S. (1989). Wirkungen von Vitamin E auf die Haut bei topischer Anwendung. Lipid/Fett, 91(8), 295-305.
[
Wiley Online Library]

[6] Baumann, L., & Weisberg, E. (2010). Olive oil in botanical cosmeceuticals. In Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention (pp. 1117-1124). Academic Press.
[
Science Direct]

[7] Nasiri, M., Fayazi, S., Jahani, S., Yazdanpanah, L., & Haghighizadeh, M. H. (2015). The effect of topical olive oil on the healing of foot ulcer in patients with type 2 diabetes: a double-blind randomized clinical trial study in Iran. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 14(1), 38.
[
Springer]

[8] Viljoen JM, Cowley A, du Preez J, Gerber M, du Plessis J. Penetration enhancing effects of selected natural oils utilized in topical dosage forms. Drug Dev Ind Pharm. 2015;41(12):2045-2054.
[
PubMed]